Summer is a time for fun and relaxation, but it can also have negative effects on our health. The hot weather, increased sun exposure, and seasonal activities can all pose risks to our well-being if we are not careful. In this blog post, we will discuss the potential effects of summer on health and offer tips for staying safe and healthy during the hot season.
> Dehydration and Heat Exhaustion
One of the most significant risks during the summer months is dehydration and heat exhaustion. The hot weather and high humidity can cause our bodies to lose fluids more quickly than usual, leading to dehydration and its associated symptoms such as headache, dizziness, and fatigue. Heat exhaustion is a more severe form of dehydration that can cause nausea, vomiting, and even fainting.
To avoid dehydration and heat exhaustion, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water and other fluids throughout the day is crucial. Try to avoid sugary or caffeinated drinks, and take frequent breaks in the shade to give your body a chance to cool down especially if you are outdoors. Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing that allows your skin to breathe.
> Skin Damage and Sunburn
Summer also brings increased sun exposure, which can cause damage to our skin. The ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can lead to sunburn, premature aging, and an increased risk of skin cancer. The number of skin cancer cases has been increasing over the past decades. Nearly 2 and 3 million people are diagnosed with skin cancer every year around the globe.
To protect your skin during the summer, it's essential to wear sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and to reapply it every two hours. If you have a sensitive skin check with your dermatologist on the best sunscreen option for your skin.
> Extreme Heat Causes Heat Stroke
Heat stroke is a severe condition that can be life-threatening, and it happens when the body's internal temperature reaches 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. Symptoms of heat stroke can include confusion, seizures, rapid heartbeat, and loss of consciousness.
To prevent heat stroke, it's important to take precautions during times of extreme heat. Avoid spending prolonged periods of time in the sun, especially during the hottest parts of the day. If you must be outside, wear protective clothing and a hat to shield your skin from the sun. Drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine, which can dehydrate you.
Heat stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention. If you suspect that you or someone you know is experiencing heat stroke, it's crucial to seek medical attention right away, and consult a doctor at AJ Hospital. While waiting for help to arrive, move to a cooler location, remove excess clothing, and drink cool water if possible.
> Food Poisoning and Foodborne Illnesses
Summer is also a time when the risk of food poisoning and foodborne illnesses increases. The warm temperatures can cause food to spoil more quickly, and outdoor activities such as picnics and barbecues can lead to improper food handling and preparation.
Make sure to wash your hands thoroughly before cooking or eating, and keep all food at the proper temperature. Avoid leaving food out in the sun for extended periods.
> Rise in Allergies & Worsens Asthma
Summer can be a difficult time for people with allergies and asthma. The warmer weather can trigger the release of pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds, which can lead to allergic reactions and asthma attacks. Additionally, high humidity levels can encourage the growth of mold, which can also exacerbate allergies and asthma symptoms.
To manage allergies and asthma during the summer months, it's essential to take steps to avoid triggers. Make sure the house is dust free. When you step outside, wear a mask to protect your airways and avoid triggers as much as possible. It's also important to continue taking your medication as prescribed by your doctor.
In conclusion, summer can be a time of both enjoyment and potential health risks. It's important to take steps to protect yourself from extreme heat during the summer months.
With these simple tips, you should be safe and sound during summer. So, get out there and have fun in the sun, but don't forget to take care of yourself along the way!